Bulova: A Decade in Space 07/20/2014

45 Years after NASA's Apollo 11 Mission that placed a seismometer using Bulova's technology on the Moon in the Sea of Tranquility, Bulova reflects on its time in the space race.

1959 July: An experimental Bulova Accutron timer was aboard Explorer 6 satellite.

1959 October: Explorer 7 in orbit, with Bulova Accutron timer fitted to switch off transmitter after one year.

1961 April: Explorer 11 launched. Bulova Accutron timer switched transmitter from one data system to another after 760 hours.

1962 July: Telstar 1 in orbit initiated live commercial transatlantic television broadcasts. Satellite equipped with two Bulova Accutron timers.

1962 September: Weather satellite Tiros 6 placed in orbit. Two Bulova Accutron timers gave planned “alarm” signal after 12 months, switched off on schedule on October 19th, 1963.

1963 February: Two Bulova Accutron timers aboard Syncom 1 high-altitude synchronous communications satellite.

1963 May: Satellite Telstar 2 entered orbit. Two Bulova Accutron timers aboard, set to switch the frequency of signal after two years.

1963 May: Astronaut in Mercury capsule “Faith 7” wore Bulova Accutron “Astronaut” wrist timepiece in orbital flight.

1963 June: Tiros 7 weather satellite in orbit. Two Bulova Accutron timers aboard to silence satellite after 18 months.

1965 February: An experimental communications satellite, the all solid-state LES-1, placed in orbit. One Bulova Accutron timer aboard, set to switch off satellite after two years.

1965 February: Two Bulova Accutron timers aboard Pegasus 1 meteoroid detection satellite in orbit. Purpose: to switch off satellite after 18 months.

1965 March: Command pilot of first two-man Gemini spacecraft, Gemini 3, wore Bulova Accutron “Astronaut” wrist timepiece through triple-orbit flight.

1965 May: Communications satellite LES-2 entered orbit. Bulova Accutron timer aboard set to switch off satellite after two years.

UHF, broadcasting from orbiting Telstar 2 switched off on schedule by Bulova Accutron timers; other transmissions from satellite continued as programmed.

Pegasus 2 in orbit carrying two Bulova Accutron timers, set to switch off satellite after 18 months.

1965 July: Pegasus 3 placed in orbit with two Bulova Accutron timers aboard.

1965 August: Command pilot’s instrument panel of Gemini 5 included Bulova Accutron clock, Mission established 5 world spaceflight records.

1965 December: Command pilot’s instrument panel of Gemini 7 included Bulova Accutron clock showing GMT.

Command pilot’s instrument panel of Gemini 6 included Bulova Accutron clock showing GMT.

All solid-state satellite LES-3 and LES-4 entered orbit, Bulova Accutron timers set to switch off LES-3 after one year, and LES-4 after two years.

1966 March: Gemini 8 command pilot’s instrument panel included 24-hour Bulova Accutron clock showing GMT.

1966 June: Gemini 9 completed triple rendezvous with unmanned target vehicle. Command pilot’s control panel included Bulova Accutron clock.

Gravity Gradient Test Satellite placed in orbit by U.S. Air Force. Bulova Accutron electronic timer aboard as programmed communications switch.

1966 July: Gemini 10 instrument panel included 24-hour dial Bulova Accutron GMT clock.

Gemini Agena Target Vehicle equipped with Bulova Accutron long-duration timer.

1966 August: Lunar Orbiter Satellite 1 launched towards Moon, its photographic subsystem equipped with a Bulova tuning-fork master timer; while in continuous lunar orbit the satellite surveyed possible manned-landing sites on the moon.

1966 September: Gemini 11 command pilot’s instrument panel included Bulova Accutron clock registering GMT.

A time-read-out Bulova Accutron clock was part of the instrumentation of the new night image-intensification TV system tested during the flight of Gemini 10.

The Project Apollo sump tank experiment, also conducted abroad Gemini 10, employed another Bulova Accutron time-read-out clock.

Gemini Agena Target Vehicle equipped with Bulova Accutron long-duration timer.

1966 November: Lunar Orbit Satellite 2 launched, with Bulova tuning-fork timer aboard.

Gemini 12 command pilot’s instrument panel included 24-hour dial Bulova Accutron clock displaying GMT. This was the eighth consecutive manned Gemini space mission to use Bulova Accutron devices. Eighteen Bulova Accutron clocks and timers were employed during the 12-spacecraft Gemini series.

1967 February: Lunar Orbiter Satellite 3, with Bulova tuning-fork timer aboard, successfully launched toward Moon.

1967 May: Lunar Orbiter Satellite 4 launched, Bulova tuning-fork timer aboard.

1967 July: LES-5, first satellite for defense communications experiments among small tactical termini, placed in orbit. Bulova Accutron timer system set to switch off all electrical power after five years.

Lunar Orbiter Satellite 5, equipped with Bulova tuning-fork timer, launched in Moon reconnaissance series.

1968 January: Lunar Orbiter 5 Moon-mapping satellite, equipped with Bulova tuning-fork timer, impacts on Moon under NASA control at 07:58/08:27 GMT, January 31.

1968 The Year of Apollo: Bulova Accutron master timers are incorporated in the EASEP and AI SEP scientific “packages” to be emplaced on the Moon by U.S. Apollo astronauts.

30-Day Biosatellite biological-experiments satellite, to be launched into orbit, is equipped with Bulova Accutron clock.